Is CBD legal in Ghana?

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Understanding CBD and its Legal Status

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural compound found in cannabis plants, known for its therapeutic properties. It's important to note that unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the other well-known compound in cannabis, CBD does not have psychoactive effects, meaning it doesn't cause a "high".

While the use of CBD has been legalized in many parts of the world, its legal status varies widely from one country to another. This article aims to shed light on the legal status of CBD in Ghana.

Current Legislation on Cannabis in Ghana

In Ghana, the Narcotic Drugs (Control, Enforcement, and Sanctions) Law, 1990 (PNDCL 236) regulates the use of narcotic drugs. Under this law, cannabis, in its entirety, is classified as a narcotic drug. The law prohibits the possession, importation, exportation, and use of narcotic drugs, including cannabis, unless granted license by the Minister for Health.

CBD and Ghana's Narcotics Control Commission Bill

In March 2020, the Parliament of Ghana passed the Narcotics Control Commission Bill. This bill redefines cannabis, specifically allowing for the cultivation and use of industrial hemp, a variety of cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC. However, the bill does not explicitly mention or legalize CBD.

Implications for CBD

Given that the bill does not specifically address CBD, the legal status of CBD in Ghana remains ambiguous. It could be argued that since CBD is a compound found in cannabis, it is covered under the broad prohibition of cannabis. On the other hand, if CBD is derived from the permitted industrial hemp, it may potentially fall within the legal framework.

Penalties for Cannabis-Related Offences in Ghana

It's crucial to understand the potential penalties for violating cannabis laws in Ghana. Under PNDCL 236, the penalties for drug offenses can be severe, including imprisonment for up to ten years. For repeat offenders, the penalties can be even stiffer.


In conclusion, the legal status of CBD in Ghana is currently unclear. While the Narcotics Control Commission Bill allows for the cultivation and use of industrial hemp, it does not explicitly legalize CBD. Until further clarification is provided by Ghanaian authorities, it would be prudent to assume that CBD, like cannabis, is generally prohibited in Ghana. Therefore, anyone considering bringing CBD into Ghana or purchasing CBD within the country should proceed with caution and seek legal advice.

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