Is CBD legal in Germany?

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The Legal Status of CBD in Germany

As the popularity of Cannabidiol (CBD) continues to rise globally, it's essential to understand the legal status of this compound in various jurisdictions. This article will focus on the legal framework surrounding CBD in Germany.

Understanding CBD

CBD is a non-psychoactive compound derived from the cannabis plant, known for its potential therapeutic benefits. Unlike Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), another compound found in cannabis, CBD does not induce a 'high' effect, making it a subject of interest for many researchers and consumers alike.

Is CBD Legal in Germany?

The legal status of CBD in Germany is somewhat complex. This complexity arises from the various laws and regulations at both the national and European Union (EU) level.

German National Laws on CBD

In Germany, CBD is not classified as a narcotic substance under the Narcotics Act (BtMG). Therefore, it is technically legal. However, the product must meet certain requirements. For instance, the THC content in CBD products must not exceed 0.2% for it to be considered legal. Any CBD product with a THC content above this limit is illegal.

European Union Regulations on CBD

As a member of the EU, Germany is also subject to EU laws and regulations. In 2019, the EU classified CBD as a Novel Food in the Novel Food Catalogue. This means that CBD products cannot be marketed without authorization from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). However, this regulation is not strictly enforced in Germany, and CBD products can still be found on the market.

CBD Prescription Medication

It's important to note that there are certain forms of CBD that are classified as prescription medication in Germany. For instance, Sativex, a CBD-based medicine, is available but only on prescription and is used primarily to treat multiple sclerosis.

Traveling With CBD

If you're planning on traveling to Germany with CBD, it's crucial to ensure that the product complies with the above-mentioned regulations. It's advisable to carry documentation that proves the product's THC content to avoid potential legal issues.


In conclusion, CBD is technically legal in Germany, provided it contains no more than 0.2% THC. However, it's important to note that CBD is classified as a Novel Food by the EU, meaning it cannot be marketed without authorization. Furthermore, certain CBD-based medications are available only via prescription. Therefore, if you plan to buy or bring CBD to Germany, ensure it complies with these regulations to avoid any legal complications.

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