Is CBD legal in France?

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Understanding the Legal Status of CBD in France

As the popularity of Cannabidiol (CBD) continues to surge across the globe, understanding the legal landscape surrounding this compound is becoming increasingly important. CBD, a non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant, has been widely recognized for its potential therapeutic benefits. However, the legality of CBD varies significantly from one country to another. In this article, we will take a closer look at the legal status of CBD in France.

The French Law on Cannabis and CBD

France has one of the strictest laws on cannabis in Europe. The French law states that only the seeds and fibers of the hemp plant can be put into economic use. This means that the cultivation, production, and distribution of cannabis are strictly regulated.

CBD Derived from Approved Varieties of Hemp

However, there is a unique aspect to the French law. It permits the cultivation and manufacturing of hemp only if it is from an approved variety and if the THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) content does not exceed 0.2%. THC is the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant that causes the 'high' associated with its use.

Legal Status of CBD in France

According to the French law, CBD is legal only if it is derived from approved varieties of hemp and if the final product contains less than 0.2% THC. However, the law also stipulates that CBD products cannot be used for smoking. This means that CBD oils, capsules, and other non-smokable forms of CBD are legal in France, but CBD flowers, buds, and e-liquids for vaping are not.

Recent Developments in CBD Legislation in France

In November 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled that CBD is not a narcotic and that it can be freely marketed in any European Union country. The court stated that the French ban on the marketing of hemp-derived CBD is contrary to EU law. This ruling may potentially change the legal landscape for CBD in France, but as of now, the French law remains unchanged.

Traveling with CBD in France

If you are planning to travel to France and want to bring CBD products with you, it's crucial to ensure that these products are derived from approved varieties of hemp and contain less than 0.2% THC. Also, remember that smokable forms of CBD are not allowed. It's always advisable to carry documentation that verifies the source of the CBD and its THC content to avoid potential legal issues.


In conclusion, CBD is legal in France as long as it is derived from approved varieties of hemp and the final product contains less than 0.2% THC. However, smokable forms of CBD are not permitted. The recent ruling by the CJEU may influence future legislation on CBD in France, but until the French law changes, these restrictions remain in place. Always ensure that your CBD products comply with these regulations when in France.

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